When I was younger with Fibromyalgia I had some serious insomnia. In fact it was the first symptom to present itself. I never found it to be problematic until, well, life insisted I have a sleep cycle of a certain sort that my brain rather disagreed with. Which leads to sleep deprivation. And sleep paralysis in my case.
Often what you get from doctors is sleep hygiene at first. They tell you all the don't to take care of before sleep. And I basically had been told this around the age of 12. Didn't stop me from getting this lecture, well, now. But here it is for those that have not heard it.
• Avoid stimulants such as caffeine up to four hours prior to bedtime. Caffeine builds up in the body through the day so it is best to avoid after lunch. (we should avoid stimulants anyway… but seriously this is hard to do when you feel so fatigued from Not Sleeping)
• Maintain a consistent sleep pattern of waking up and going to bed at the same time. (Well going to bed at the same time, not necessarily falling asleep at the same time obviously)
• Avoid late night snacks. If you do snack stick to small snacks that have a lot of carbohydrates in them as these tend to aid in making you feel drowsy. (I pretend chips count, but let's pretend I didn't say that.)
• Never exercise before bedtime but try to exercise regularly even if that exercise is going for short walks, yoga or doing some stretches.
• Have no distractions in the bedroom. No TV, video games, iPhone or laptops. Do not do your work in the bedroom. Or snack. The bedroom should be reserved for sleeping or sex and we don't want our brain to be associating the space with other waking activities. The blue light from computers and smartphones is the main issue. I use Flux on my computer to dim the blue light at night and my new iPhone actually dims it for me as well, so this isn't as a issue as it once was... as it can be addressed.
• Make the room as comfortable as possible for sleep. Use blackout curtains to reduce light or a sleep mask. Use some method to reduce background noise whether that is earplugs, meditation music or a white noise machine. Ensure the room is not too hot or too cold.
• Do not take frequent naps but if you feel that you need to keep them under an hour. (I have a hard time with this one. I have the overpowering need to nap sometimes… being sleep deprived and all. But sometimes I set my iPhone alarm to wake me. And sometimes I ignore it)
• Do not watch TV at least an hour before bed because it is stimulating for the brain and makes it difficult to relax. The same can likely be said for being on the computer. (Also if you are an insomniac like me, don't read a good book… or you might just read it to the end. Read a crappy book instead.)
So those are the sleep hygiene tricks of the insomnia trade.
However with chronic pain like Fibromyalgia and especially with added chronic pain like migraines stacking on there... you get painsomnia. Too much pain to sleep.
This is an added complication that generally you need to see your doctor about because it either needs the assistance of sleeping medications or pain management to deal with. Personally my pain is such that I had to reduce my work to part time so that even if I get little sleep, I can catch up the follow off day. It is a fact of the matter that I deal with a lot of painsomnia on slow release painkillers and a sleeping medication. If you are having severe insomnia you might want to ask your doctor about sleeping medications such as hypnotics. I am on zopiclone myself.
Nevertheless, even without pain the FM causes delayed onset insomnia with me, so it takes hours to fall asleep, and frequent wakings through the night. And it really doesn't matter what medication I am on, this is the result, just a little Less so on some. However, apparently I am a severe case, so I would not say insomnia due to FM and pain is impossible to treat, only that it can be quite complicated. And certainly you want to maintain the sleep hygiene first and foremost to start the process.